Firtuşu fortress

Firtuşu fortress


Firtușu 537168, Romania


Firtuşu fortress is located in Lupeni commune, Harghita county, at an altitude of 1,042 m. It was raised on an approximately triangular plateau (95 x 70 m) protected by vertical slopes in the North, and accentuated on the other sides. The fortress also had a ditch and rampart to the South and Southeast.

The walls have different thicknesses (2 m to the East, 1.3 m to the West). The entrance was probably to the South. There is a chapel in the middle of the enclosure, which has a sanctuary in the shape of a horseshoe. The building date is considered to be in the 13th century, but it could have belonged to the minorities installed there between 1737-1780. Traces of several buildings appeared in the enclosure, on the Josephine topographic elevation.

Dating based on uncertain ceramic fragments show that they were made in the XI-XII century. In the Odorhei Museum there is only pottery from the XV-XVIII century.

Considering the absence of written sources, the fortress was subject to various historical scenarios, one of which claiming that it was a royal citadel before the colonization of the Szeklers. The toponymic clues suggest that the fortress also played a certain role in the 15th-16th centuries (1597).

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